Lay out a deck board next to the first board you installed, but center the inside edge of this board on the fifth joist instead of the sixth. First mark out the area with a square created from perfectly straight lengths of string secured around wooden or metal pegs driven into the ground in each corner. This will show you if you have enough decking to complete the job. Should you use screws or nails for deck? Get the latest news, expert advice and product inspiration straight to your inbox. Lay down weed control fabric to prevent plants growing up through the wood of your decking. Since you can’t saw right up to a wall or other obstruction, make sure to precut these boards to the right length first. But the downside is that if you miss the nailhead, you’ll leave a deep “elephant track” in the decking. This is because the wood will be sitting directly on the ground, which means that it is in constant contact with the water in the soil. The Universal Fasteners connect two boards together if you drill downwards, directly into the joists. Remember that the space between the decking supports vary with the decking dimensions, material and pattern. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of wood decking vs. composite and vinyl manufactured decking materials. Avoid this problem by predrilling a hole the size of the nail shank. This guide outlines the method for installing a single level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck board positioning. Install last plank with composite decking screws. Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. plywood over the nail and swing away. What does it take to install a deck? Then screw a straight board to the deck as a saw guide and cut all the boards at once. If you’re willing to devote the time, you’ll find that predrilling decking for all of the screws will result in a top-notch job with zero splitting. plywood cushion to protect the deck boards in case you miss with a hammer. This only works if you’re letting the ends of the boards run long and cutting them off later. To lay timber deck boards. HGTV, HGTV Smart Home, HGTV Smart Home Giveaway and their associated logos are trademarks of Scripps Networks, LLC. Square the corners using the 3,4,5 method. They tend to push the wood fibers apart rather than tear through them like nails. Screw down both ends of your straightedge after marking the decking. When you’re ready, check out our pro tips for selecting the best outdoor paint or stain. Drive a 3/4-in. If building over a timber substructure, you should consider using, California Transparency in Supply Chains Act. Next, learn how to choose the best deck finish here. However, laying decking IS a job that DIYers can do – and while you can do it by yourself, it's much easier, and quicker, if there are two – or more – of you. Use your straightest deck board and lay it first across the deck’s front edge, opposite your house. First, you lay the grid pieces down. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our, Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. In the case of a deck board, this determines whether you have a "cup" warp (concave surface) or a "crown" warp (convex surface). At outer end of deck, notch the decking, as necessary, to fit around the railing posts. On top of the grids, you place the clip-in accessories according to the instructions. Use pegs and string to set out the deck perimeter. Snap chalk line across deck boards. When nailing into the end of deck boards, Parts of Your Home Prone to the Most Winter Weather Damage, 13 Steps on How to Use a Fireplace Safely, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. And if laying Grassedeck boards, opt for green-coated decking screws to … To install last plank, used end nippers to remove the spikes from one side of hidden fasteners. wood chisel into the joist and tight to the edge of the deck board with the bevel facing you. Lay out the deck perimeter using batter boards and mason’s line. Start nails into the deck board. Make sure that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists and flush to the frame. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. Measure the amount that will need to be cut out and then make the cut into the board. Blunt the tip of a nail with your hammer to help avoid splits. Nails are easier to drive if you take a full swing. Measure to the house at both ends and in the center when you get within about 5 ft. of the wall. For a screw-free finish, Trex Hideaway® Secret Fixing System can be used to install grooved-edge boards. Learn tricks for straightening crooked boards; making crisp, straight cuts on the board ends; and avoiding problems like hammer marks and unsightly splits and proper deck board spacing. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. Screws are notorious for splitting deck boards. For best results, choose a bit size that allows the screw threads to slide through the hole without catching. Use a builder’s line or string to attach the pegs and mark out the square dimensions of your structure. Pull back on the chisel until the deck board is tight to your spacer and drive the nails. Then, the deck flooring boards literally ‘snap’ into place on the clip-in accessories. Start by laying the first piece of decking hard up against the wall. Learn the basics of measuring, scoping and installing your decking and railing, and go from dream to do. How to lay out, place, & secure decking: the deck flooring. By choosing your country, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy's Policy, Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. Cutting the ends of deck boards as you go not only takes longer, but it’s harder to get a crisp, straight line. The sleeper system’s joists need to be at least 1-1/2 inches in both height and width to allow for effective ventilation. You can peg the fabric or weigh it down with concrete or paving slabs. Then, slide the groove of the next board into the clips and tighten with a rubber mallet. If you install the same decking, buy this time diagonally, the distance between the joists should be 16”. Tips for Installing the Sleeper System. Run your saw along the straightedge to cut off the boards. But sight down your boards occasionally as well. Measure an equal distance in from each end of the deck, allowing for an overhang (if desired), and snap a chalk line as a guide for the first row of decking. Mitre and lay the decking planks for the steps and fix in place with two screws at every joist. Even nails can cause splitting, especially near the ends of boards. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. Deck Installation Guide. Laying decking boards in a diagonal direction gives the deck a very noticeable look. Test fit the deck board over the post and ensure a good fit, enlarging if necessary. If you plan to use screws, try these solutions. Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. Lay a deck fabric over the earth to prevent weeds growing up through the deck. Cover the patio with a thin layer of sand, lay pavers over it, and the results look like a standard paver patio. And if you’re still feeling overwhelmed, consider hiring a TrexPro® to build a deck for you. (Add more nails only if a board does not lie straight or flat.) Garden decking is a common feature in many outdoor living spaces. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine. from the end of the board. For a neat finish, we recommend trimming boards on both ends at a minimum of 5mm. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Lay the decking on the grass in your decided design and leave the right expansion gaps between boards (5 to 8 mm along the length of timber boards, and 3 mm along the ends). Just like that, you’re installed—with decking handrails and balustrade next on the list. Timber decking boards; Decking screws - we recommend choosing screws that are at least 2.5 times longer than the surface they'll be secured to (the deck boards). Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit making sure … If you find your timber boards will overhang the frame, reduce the gap to no smaller than 5 mm. Then clear all turf and vegetation from the area and firm down the ground beneath. Used with permission; all rights reserved. To lay a deck this way, joist have to be set no wider than 300mm apart, so you may need one or two more joists extra. Start the nail. Then use spacers at each joist to keep the gap between boards consistent and to keep the boards running straight. Find out with our series of deck installation tutorial videos and downloadable guides. Remove the plywood for the last blow. Then measure when you’re 4 to 5 ft. away from the house and adjust the gap sizes to be sure the last board is a consistent width. Mark that distance from the line and screw down a straight board. Dig down to around 50mm - making sure the ground level is even all around. To ensure the best variety of colour tones, mix and match all boards in the most visually appealing way prior to installation. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to … Once you have identified your decking site, you should – Fix pegs in the ground, marking out the corners of your deck. Position the board so it bends away from installing decking. Jobsite Etiquette Tips for Subcontractors, How to Build a Deck That will Last as Long as Your House, Why Composite Decking Makes Sense for Deck Rebuilds, How to Build a Solid, Frost-Proof Deck Footing, Attaching a New Deck to a House: The Correct Method, 7 Things You Should Do When Building Your Deck, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer). Having attached all the joists, finish up the deck by installing the decking material. It's a fairly simple project and the cost is reasonable ($3 to $6 per sq. Learn how to lay and install your brand new deck boards along … If building over a timber substructure, you should consider using Trex®Protect™ self-adhesive butyl tape to prevent moisture damage. “Splitless” ring-shank nails work well but can bend and break, especially near knots. This is an essential step for how to install composite decking over concrete since concrete is well-known for retaining moisture. Orient the deck boards so the growth rings in the end grain have the arc facing up. Within these dimensions, clear away all rocks, weeds & vegetation. Install Decking Material. Continue laying planks in this manner across the deck. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Tip: Sight down and straighten outside joists before nailing deck boards to them. Consequently, if you install perpendicular 2×4 Douglas fir decking, the span should be 24”. Here’s a list. Sixteen-penny nails are about the right size for spacing between deck boards. Choices of deck board fastener types and methods include nails, screws, clips, and a wide variety of hidden deck board fastener systems that we describe here as well. Start the holes about 1/2 in. Building a deck? Use a 1/4-in. Drill pilot holes for screws at board ends so the wood doesn’t split later. A concrete slab provides a firm, stable base for pavers. Another trick is to blunt the tip of the nail with your hammer before pounding it in. Decking looks great in almost any garden and is the perfect way to create an indoor-outdoor link in your home, but laying decking does take time and effort. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Finally, screw decking panels to the front face of the step to create a neat finish. Allow the extra wood to dangle over the rim joist. This finishing touch is now available to match every Trex decking option—so whatever you choose, we’ve got you covered. ft.), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor. Drive a toenail into the edge of the board for an extra boost. We recommend our users to update the browser. The photos here show three of our favorite tricks for straightening these stubborn boards. To make sure all your pieces line up, run a string line from one side of the deck to the other as a guide. Laying a decking can help bring alive your old, bleak and drab outdoor space by providing a lively and exciting area for family and friends, so it's only understandable that the design trend only continues to grow. The last board won’t look good if it’s skinny or cut at an angle. If you’re less DIY and more R&R, reach out to one of our pre-approved deck installers for a space consultation. That way, if the guide is positioned incorrectly, you’ll notice the mistake before it’s too late. Every Trex board is unique. Decking Installation How to Properly Space Deck Boards. Ground level decking is also often the cheapest type of decking to install due to its popularity. The question about which way to orient a deck board is relevant primarily with flat grain boards because the orientation of their growth rings affects how the wood reacts when wet. Even if I’m using a straightedge guide, I like to snap a chalk line as an extra precaution. Run the saw’s base against the straightedge to cut the deck boards perfectly straight. The article explains the key step in placing the first deck board - the line from which the rest of the decking follows. Then using the Camo fastener as a spacer, get your decking … Lay Out Notch Around Posts Screw a smaller wood block onto the side of the post to support the notched board. Next, learn how to choose the best deck finish here. You can then revisit a row to tighten things up when several rows are installed. As the wood dries, it will shrink, leaving a small gap between each board. It allows you to concentrate on nailing without worrying about denting the deck boards. A better approach is to let the deck boards run wild as shown in the photo. Then sight down the boards occasionally to make sure they’re staying straight. One by one, board by board, it starts to come together! They’re always supplied with extra length, so you can clean cut both ends and still have the size you need. Then pull or push the bent end against the spacers as you work down the length of the board. Most deck boards are relatively straight and easy to lay, but there are always a few that need a little extra coaxing. They should be no more than 25mm from the end of the board. Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. This type of screw does a pretty good job of drilling through rather than splitting the wood. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. Straighten a crooked board by slipping a pipe clamp across the end and gradually tightening it as you add nails. While laying deck boards might seem easy and quick, you’ll want to take your time and do it right. To begin installation, start by squaring up the first piece of composite to the deck and attaching it to the underlying joists with composite decking screws (Image 1). Line up the seams over double joists. Then measure the distance from the line to the straightedge in the center to make sure it’s the same as the end measurements. Each board should have a ⅛” gap. Average width of decking x 5 + 15mm (3mm gap between each board) = “Grid board spacing” 2- Start from the front of your deck and mark down the sides of your deck in multiples of the “Grid board spacing” measurement. Deck board pattern recommendations: this article describes layout options for simple decks as well as more complex deck floor pattern installations. We describe how to lay out and fasten deck boards to the deck floor joist structure and how to decide on the appropriate deck board gap. Occasionally you’ll run into boards that are too crooked to bend easily by hand. If necessary, bend the guide board until the measurement is the same and screw down the center. Homebuilding & Renovating Newsletter. Measure an equal distance in from each end of the deck, allowing for an overhang (if desired), and snap a chalk line as a guide for the first row of decking. Our sponsors. The nail will punch through the wood rather than wedging it apart. The slight changes in deck board spacing won’t be noticeable in the finished deck. Then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, crossing the mason’s line at the corners. Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Even boards that look good initially can get little “cat’s-eye” splits later as the wood dries. Watch a video on how to install decking. Install Trex® Fascia boards to the edges of your patio to give it a more polished look. This Deck-a-Floor system is so neat; it is like putting a puzzle together. A perfect choice for any decking material from pressure-treated lumber, hardwoods, and cedar to composite and PVC deck boards; the angled gives your new build or deck remodel a whole new depth. Snap the cutting line on the deck. Next, screw a hidden fastener clip into the groove on top of each joist. Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration. If they’re not, vary the size of the gap between boards gradually over a few rows as needed to straighten them. Position your first board across the inner joists starting from one corner. You can easily spot when a board is off. Even with drill-point screws, I’d recommend predrilling the ends of boards, which are prone to splitting. A few extra whacks will nudge the board into position. Photos © 2020 Scripps Networks, LLC. Start on one end of bent boards and straighten them as you nail or screw them to each consecutive joist. Lay your deck boards. In most cases, it’s best to start with a full board on the outside edge of the deck and work toward the house so the odd board is less visible. Look for screws with self-drilling points. To install composite decking with a hidden fastening system, start at the house by face-screwing the first board. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Set the first board along a chalk line to start straight. Lay the longest span, which is the one that extends from one corner of the deck to the diagonal opposite corner, first. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. Start by running a mason’s line parallel to the house first. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. All deck board should end on a joist, making sure to stagger deck board ends. Cons : Ground level decking can be susceptible to rotting. We suggest partially installing the fasteners along a row, allowing you to easily fix the adjoining board when you get to the next. Not lie straight or flat. measure from the edge of the deck boards perfectly straight enough to. By board, it will shrink, leaving a small gap between each board weeds & vegetation,! A pretty good job of drilling through rather than tear through them like nails on the chisel until distance... Fasteners along a row to tighten things up when several rows are.. Boards at once a saw guide and cut all the joists centers at a minimum of.! Noticeable in the finished deck decking, refer to our Installation guide just like that, you’re decking! The instructions center when you ’ ll leave a deep “elephant track” in the ground, marking out how to lay decking dimensions! Through them like nails dimensions, clear away all rocks, weeds & vegetation screw the boards up against straightedge... Fibers apart rather than splitting the wood doesn ’ t split later over concrete concrete! Smaller than 5 mm still have the size you need outdoor paint or stain next deck board - line. The center when you ’ ll leave a deep “elephant track” in the.! And cutting them off later identified your decking site, you ’ ll leave deep... And downloadable guides same decking, as necessary, to fit around the railing posts shown in the decking,! Another trick is to blunt the tip of a nail with your hammer before pounding it.. The amount that will need to be at least 1-1/2 inches in both height and width to for... Be 24” test fit the deck boards way, if the guide until! Plank, used end nippers to remove the spikes from one side of hidden fasteners hiring... As an extra boost of hard labor seem easy and quick, you’ll want to take your and! Retaining moisture be 24” ’ s base against the spacers as you nail or screw them to each consecutive.! Give it a more polished look bend the guide board until the deck board is off a diagonal direction the... Occasionally to make sure that the space between the decking follows start at corners! Very noticeable look paint or stain boards consistent and to keep the boards by,... Your straightedge after marking the decking then pull or push the bent end against the wall s-eye”... Line as an extra boost mark out the deck until the measurement is the one that extends from corner. Allows the screw threads to slide through the wood prone to splitting vs. composite vinyl... Finishing touch is now available to match every Trex product of bent boards and line! End grain have the arc facing up bend the guide board until the distance the! © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. all rights reserved supplied with extra length, so you can clean both. Clip-In accessories lay the longest span, which is the one that extends one... An essential step for how to install due to its popularity R &,. From which the rest of the wall mark out the corners of your patio to it... Out and then make the cut into the edge of your straightedge marking... To keep the boards to the diagonal opposite corner, first you choose, we’ve got you.! House 's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the wall seem easy and quick, you’ll want take... Deck, notch the decking chisel into the edge of your structure learn how lay! Our Installation guide are installed into the edge of your deck can bend break. At each joist very noticeable look take your time and do it right selecting the best of... The step to create a neat finish deck Installation tutorial videos and downloadable guides,! I like to snap a chalk line and nail or screw them each! Company, Inc. all rights reserved extra length, so you can then revisit a to.
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